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Update Documents

Update data stored on Dash Platform

Overview

In this tutorial we will update existing data on Dash Platform. Data is stored in the form of documents which are encapsulated in a state transition before being submitted to DAPI.

Prerequisites

Code

const Dash = require('dash');

const clientOpts = {
  wallet: {
    mnemonic: 'a Dash wallet mnemonic with funds goes here',
    unsafeOptions: {
      skipSynchronizationBeforeHeight: 650000, // only sync from early-2022
    },
  },
  apps: {
    tutorialContract: {
      contractId: '3iaEhdyAVbmSjd59CT6SCrqPjfAfMdPTc8ksydgqSaWE',
    },
  },
};
const client = new Dash.Client(clientOpts);

const updateNoteDocument = async () => {
  const { platform } = client;
  const identity = await platform.identities.get('an identity ID goes here');
  const documentId = 'an existing document ID goes here';

  // Retrieve the existing document
  const [document] = await client.platform.documents.get(
    'tutorialContract.note',
    { where: [['$id', '==', documentId]] },
  );

  // Update document
  document.set('message', `Updated document @ ${new Date().toUTCString()}`);

  // Sign and submit the document replace transition
  return platform.documents.broadcast({ replace: [document] }, identity);
};

updateNoteDocument()
  .then((d) => console.log('Document updated:\n', d))
  .catch((e) => console.error('Something went wrong:\n', e))
  .finally(() => client.disconnect());

๐Ÿ‘

Initializing the Client with a contract identity

The example above shows how access to contract documents via <contract name>.<contract document> syntax (e.g. tutorialContract.note) can be enabled by passing a contract identity to the constructor. Please refer to the Dash SDK documentation for details.

What's happening

After we initialize the Client, we retrieve the document to be updated via platform.documents.get using its id. Once the document has been retrieved, we must submit it to DAPI with the desired data updates. Documents are submitted in batches that may contain multiple documents to be created, replaced, or deleted. In this example, a single document is being updated.

The platform.documents.broadcast method then takes the document batch (e.g. {replace: [noteDocument]}) and an identity parameter. Internally, it creates a State Transition containing the previously created document, signs the state transition, and submits the signed state transition to DAPI.

๐Ÿ“˜

Wallet Operations

The JavaScript SDK does not cache wallet information. It re-syncs the entire Core chain for some wallet operations (e.g. client.getWalletAccount()) which can result in wait times of 5+ minutes.

A future release will add caching so that access is much faster after the initial sync. For now, the skipSynchronizationBeforeHeight option can be used to sync the wallet starting at a certain block height.


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