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Data Trigger

Data Contract related custom logic


This page is intended to provide a brief description of how data triggers work in the initial version of Dash Platform. The design will likely undergo changes in the future.


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Although data contracts provide much needed constraints on the structure of the data being stored on Dash Platform, there are limits to what they can do. Certain system data contracts may require server-side validation logic to operate effectively. For example, DPNS must enforce some rules to ensure names remain DNS compatible. Dash Platform Protocol (DPP) supports this application-specific custom logic using Data Triggers.



Given a number of technical considerations (security, masternode processing capacity, etc.), data triggers are not considered a platform feature at this time. They are currently hard-coded in Dash Platform Protocol and only used in system data contracts.


Since all application data is submitted in the form of documents, data triggers are defined in the context of documents. To provide even more granularity, they also incorporate the document action so separate triggers can be created for the CREATE, REPLACE, or DELETE actions.

As an example, DPP contains several data triggers for DPNS. The domain document has added constraints for creation. All DPNS document types have constraints on replacing or deleting:

Data ContractDocumentAction(s)Trigger Description
DPNSdomainCREATEEnforces DNS compatibility, validate provided hashes, and restrict top-level domain (TLD) registration
DPNSAll Document TypesREPLACEPrevents updates to any DPNS document type
DPNSAll Document TypesDELETEPrevents deletion of any DPNS document type

When document state transitions are received, DPP checks if there is a trigger associated with the document type and action. If a trigger is found, DPP executes the trigger logic. Successful execution of the trigger logic is necessary for the document to be accepted and applied to the platform state.